If you’re a Taekwondo student or parent, you’ve likely seen students moving through a systematic sequence of martial techniques. These patterns or forms (technically called poomsae) refer to a sequence of movements that are performed in a specific order and are designed to simulate a fight against imaginary opponents. (Watch our students perform Taeguek Sam Jang.)

Forms are used heavily in Taekwondo skill-development and rank testing. Forms training requires discipline, focus, and attention to detail. Each movement is executed with precision and intention, with the goal of achieving fluidity and grace. Through repeated practice, students can perfect their form, refine their techniques, and develop their speed and power. Experienced martial arts instructors can discern the knowledge, skill level, strength, and focus of a student by watching them execute forms.

Why are Forms an important part of the Taekwondo curriculum

The benefits of poomsae go beyond physical technique. Poomsae also helps students develop mental toughness, perseverance, and self-confidence. (Watch 3 of our students perform synchronized poomsae in class.)

Brain Benefits of Taekwondo Forms

Poomsae requires concentration and mental discipline. As students perform their forms, they must focus on their movements, breathing, and posture. This helps to improve their memory, coordination, and overall cognitive function.

Physical Benefits of Forms

Poomsae is an excellent workout for both the mind and body. Students use their entire body to perform the forms, which helps to increase their balance, flexibility, and endurance.

Developing Discipline Through Forms Practice

Poomsae requires discipline and attention to detail. Students must practice their forms repeatedly until they have mastered them. This helps to build discipline and instill the value of hard work in their lives.


Poomsae is often used as a competitive event in Taekwondo tournaments. This provides students with the opportunity to showcase their skills and compete against others at their level.

Discover the Power of Poomsae

Next time you’re in class, take a moment to appreciate the beauty and significance of Poomsae and the role it plays in the Taekwondo journey. By consistently attending Taekwondo classes, students develop essential life skills, physical fitness, and self-defense techniques. Taekwondo offers a safe and supportive environment that encourages growth, learning, and community. 

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